A ring with a gemstone is a chic gift that no girl would refuse. Especially if the stone is a diamond. But since this purchase is not one of the cheapest, the jewelry piece should be chosen carefully. Our article will tell you how to choose a diamond ring according to four criteria.
How to choose a diamond according to the 4c system
The quality of diamonds is commonly evaluated according to the international system “4C”:
Diamonds, created by nature, are not like those sparkling stones, which decorate the rings, earrings and pendants. The beauty and sparkle of a diamond’s facets are first and foremost the merit of the craftsman who cut it. Most stones are given a classic round brilliant cut. Diamonds cut in this way look good on their own or combined with other diamonds. But in nature there are also fantasy cut types: heart, triangle, drop, and many others. Depending on the size of the stone and the flaws that must be corrected, the cutter chooses the appropriate form. The main condition is for the finished diamond to look good in the jewelry piece.
A diamond’s purity is the condition upon which its brilliance is measured. A diamond’s clarity is determined by the GIA, an international system comprised of several categories:
- FL and IF: flawless internally. Small external flaws are allowed, which can be easily corrected.
- VVS1-VVS2 and VS1-VS2: diamonds with minor flaws of a lighter shade and pinholes that are visible under ten times magnification. For the VS2 group, small dots on the bottom of the stone are admissible.
- SI1 and SI2: At a magnification of ten times, dark and light inclusions and small internal cracks are visible.
- I1,I2,I3: Defective stones with cracks, chips and various inclusions that can be seen with the naked eye.
Most diamonds are either perfectly transparent or contain a touch of yellow in varying degrees of intensity. The color is also graded on the GIA scale, which assigns the Latin letters D to Z to the diamond according to the degree of transparency or intensity of yellow color.
When it comes to calculating the weight of diamonds, domestic jewelers are in solidarity with their foreign counterparts. One carat is the common unit of measurement for the weight of a stone. One carat is equal to 0.2 grams.
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